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High-Speed Internet: Mega-Stakes for Cities and Regions

Neal Peirce / Mar 03 2012

For Release Sunday, March 4, 2012
© 2012 Washington Post Writers Group

Neal PeirceWhat does it really mean for a city when it wins the high speed Internet sweepstakes?

Last year Kansas City, Kansas, got the electrifying news: it had beaten out 1,100 others to be selected as the site for Internet giant Google’s first ultra-high speed fiber network.

Later Google expanded the award to include even bigger Kansas City, Mo., directly across the Missouri River. So the entire region’s been bubbling with excitement. But also scratching its head, wondering what comes next, what’s the real-time gain when there’s assurance of a gigabyte per second Internet speeds, 100 times faster than America’s national average.

Nothing’s been constructed or connected yet, but hopes are still high. Kansas City (Mo.) Mayor Sylvester (“Sly”) James, an articulate lawyer elected in 2011, starred at a recent international Cities Summit in Vancouver as he outlined the rich opportunities the Google selection has opened up. “It has put us on the map,” James contends, by dramatically advancing the region’s image as a hot spot for more creative industries, knowledge workers and high-fiber-enabled new business models.

And there is local ferment. The Kauffman Foundation sees dramatic opportunities for its central focus — entrepreneurship. The University of Kansas Medical Center has asked its affiliates for ideas including virtual in-home- or in-clinic medical services.

Concurrently, a Social Media Club has hosted public forums to drum up ideas for high-speed-fiber-enabled products and services. A technology innovation firm — Think Big Partners LLC — issued a Gigabyte challenge culminating in a final session at which 17 individuals or teams (out of 120 competitors) presented ideas to win $450,000 in awards. A business-led “Brainzooming Partners” group created a hefty report with 100-plus ideas for exploiting the new opportunities.

What will truly emerge from all this? It’s not yet clear because Google’s being cautious on specifics. The company is clearly committed to providing fiber access to homes in the two Kansas Citys (but hasn’t said yet about suburbs). There’s a promise to provide the service free to some hospitals, schools and libraries. But what will the ongoing cost be to businesses or homeowners? Lots of questions remain.

The basic issues are compelling. Networking giant Cisco’s global surveys show the United States ranks just 15th in Internet connectivity among countries worldwide. (South Korea is first). Without more development zeal, says Cisco’s Gordon Feller, we’re in danger of being a second-class competitor.

And Kansas City is approaching the kind of moxie and vision needed, notes David Sandel of Intelligent City Master Planners, a St. Louis-based firm of “digital city master planners” that helps cities and metros develop Internet-linked innovation economies. Look forward 20 or more years, Sandel suggests. Many cities will have developed the critical new broadband infrastructure, positioning themselves to attract and retain businesses and succeed.

Sandel recalls the era when some cities — Atlanta, Dallas-Fort Worth, Chicago, Denver and others — leapt ahead of their competitors by making early and massive airport investments. Others, by contrast, fell behind. In the 1940s, Birmingham and Atlanta were vying for the crown of the new South. Atlanta then bet on a series of major airport expansions. Birmingham stagnated, never again a competitor.

Today’s key, says Sandel: How early metro regions line up their public, private and technology sectors to work quickly, but with a premium on collaboration, to plan and deploy high-speed Internet connectivity, the currency of our age. To assure they’re innovation leaders, not followers.

But the chemistry can work in reverse, too: the potential gain when high-speed fiber possibilities help to overcome historic distrust, catalyzing regional will and coordination. The two Kansas Cities and their neighbors have often had rocky relationships, including use of tax inducements to lure businesses across the city and state lines.

But Mayor James sees a new day dawning: “We’ve used the Google move as a catalyst to start a whole new conversation on a regional basis. It’s allowed for open doors and promoted a level of collaboration between (Kansas City, Kansas Mayor Joseph) Reardon and myself that’s extremely fortuitous. Joe and I are doing joint appearances, including a joint video to promote the region. We’ve had a joint university conversation about civility and political discourse and how to work together.” Plus, says James, there’s “a halo effect” — smaller surrounding communities wanting to get in on the conversation and the apparent new economic opportunities.

Those are reasons, James say, that a Mayor’s BiState Innovation Team, with six appointees by both himself and Reardon, has been formed through the region’s Mid-America Regional Council. “We’re using this as a platform to build not just conversational regionalism but actual regionalism.”

Will all this, encouraging and working along side the new private sector initiatives, really work? Will it actually keep old antagonisms at bay — and then produce the promised economic dividends? No telling. But the potential for breakthroughs is there for forward-looking regions to grasp.


Neal Peirce’s e-mail is npeirce@citistates.com.

For reprints of Neal Peirce’s column, please contact Washington Post Permissions, c/o PARS International Corp., WPPermissions@parsintl.com, fax 212-221-9195. For newspaper syndication sales, Washington Post Writers Group, 202-334-5375, wpwgsales@washpost.com.

2 Comments

  1. Posted March 19, 2012 at 6:24 pm | Permalink

    Neal poses a key question about whether the new regionalism being fueled by Google in Kansas City will really work. The “fortuitous” collaboration between the two sides of Kansas City—joint calls for ideas, cooperative planning, and joint appearances by the mayors—stand somewhat in contrast to the successful cities I explored in “Beyond Smart Cities” (London: Routledge 2012). Kansas City is on the verge of a mega investment by an outsider, Google. The smart cities I studied began with small projects of a collaborative nature by insiders. These small steps nurtured an environment of trust, and each small step built on the ones before. A community of trust grew steadily and was integral to later success. The regional community in Kansas City has perceived the potential for great things, but will the good will built up on the back of hopeful expectations about the Google experiment survive the conflicting interests surely to emerge when the fiber finally gets up and running?

  2. Posted August 13, 2012 at 3:43 am | Permalink

    Well, Kansas City has hit the jackpot. Being one of Google’s prestigious customer and the hub for its new service, it is really on a high spirit. Most of the people may not be aware, but in the past also there were other states who won the chance to become one of the first service receiver of Google. That is a great thing and will continue to happen once in a while.